The following is an excerpt from Tiqqun’s This is Not a Program wherein they describe the tension between the two leading manifestations of struggle that played central roles during the Italian Autonomist movement of the 1970s: that of structured, hierarchical resistance driven by the ideology of classical politics, and the informal post-leftist forms of struggle. This is relevant to our aim of identifying the limitations of classical politics and the role they play in recuperating the efforts of subversive momentum and reversing the elements of active cultural dissolution in the past. Any form of resistance wishing to prevent the reproduction of domination would benefit from avoiding the pitfalls of organizational methods that replicate the functions of the State.
In 1970s Italy two subversive strategies coexisted: that of militant organizations and that of Autonomia. This is an oversimplification. It is obvious, for example, that in the sole case of the BR [Red Brigade], one can distinguish between the “first BR,” those of Curcio and Franceschini-who were “invisible to power, but present for the movement”; who were implanted in factories where they kept the loudmouth bosses quiet, kneecapped scabs, burned cars, kidnapped managers; who only wanted to be, in their words, “the highest point of the movement” -and those of Moretti, more distinctly Stalinist, who went completely, professionally, underground, and who, having become invisible to the movement as much as to themselves, launched an “attack on the heart of the state” on the abstract stage of classical politics and ended up just as cut off from any ethical reality. It would therefore be possible to argue that the most famous of the BR’s actions, Moro’s kidnapping, his incarceration in a “prison of the people,” where he was judged by a “proletarian court,” so perfectly imitated the procedures of the state not to be, already, the exploit of a degenerate militarized BR, which was no longer what it once was, no longer looked any thing like the first BR. Continue reading